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Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio was born in Tondo, Manila on November 30, 1863.  His parents were Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro, they died when Andres was only 14 years old.  His two younger brothers and younger sisters were left under his care.  He supported them by peddling paper fans, canes, tar and other goods and by working as a storekeeper and later as a messenger.  He supplemented his low education through reading and self-study.  He grew up in the slums and never knew the benefits of a prosperous life.

On July 7, 1892 he founded the secret society, Katipunan,  a secret organization aimed to overthrow Spanish sovereignty in the Philippines.  Its full name was Kataastaasan - Kagalanggalangang - Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Highest and Most Respected Association of the Sons of the Country)and was known by its K.K.K. Members signed their names in blood and pledged to fight for their country. Brave men and later women joined the association.  One of the female members was Gregoria de Jesus, Bonifacio's wife and known as the Lakambini ng Katipunan. 

The Kartilla, a sort of bible of the Katipunan, contained its teachings.  Ang Kalayaan, its official newspaper, informed the people of its aims and teachings.

Bonifacio is also known as the "Great Plebian." He and Emilio Jacinto issued stirring literature to arouse people to revolt against the Spaniards.

On August 23, 1896, Bonifacio assembled his men at Balintawak, tore their cedulas (poll tax) and declared the start of rebellion. However, a conflict of leadership developed between he and Emilio Aguinaldo, who was leading the struggle in his home province of Cavite.  After this power struggle, on May 10, 1897, Bonifacio was shot and killed near Mount Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.  

A national shrine of Andres Bonifacio is located at Caloocan City. 



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